Making the Mortgage Decision
- Renting vs. Home Ownership
Renting vs. Home Ownership
- The Home-Buying Decision
- What can I afford?
- Determine your debt load
- Figure out a purchase price you can handle
- Finding the right home
· Houses versus condominiums
· New home from a builder versus resale home
- Community checklist
This is a decision which many people face, and the decision is
not as easy to make as it may sound.
As a homeowner, you can reasonably expect the equity in your home
to increase over time as your mortgage is paid down. That, combined
with regular appreciation in property values, can be a rapid and
rewarding way to increase your net worth. In contrast, the person
renting over the same amount of time is left with no property
investment but may have enjoyed lower living expenses and the
opportunity to invest in other opportunities.
When comparing owning to renting, you have to add up all of the
figures, including the cost of your home, the size of your down
payment, utilities, immediate repairs, interest rates and insurance,
and compare them with how much you are currently spending on rent.
Of course, you also have to place a value on the enjoyment and
satisfaction that you will derive from owning your own home.
The Home-Buying Decision
There are pros and cons to home ownership, and when you weigh
them carefully you'll likely come to your own conclusion about
whether home ownership is right for you.
Start by asking yourself these basic questions.
What can I afford?
Home ownership should fit into your lifestyle, but it should
not become your lifestyle. Many first-time buyers take on more
debt than they can manage and quickly find themselves "house-poor"
- meaning they have nothing left over at the end of the month.
Know What You Can Afford.
Shop With Confidence.
Choosing a home that you can afford will allow you to enjoy
the rewards of home ownership with comfort and peace of mind.
Follow these three steps:
· Determine your debt load
· Use your debt load to determine your price range
· Establish a realistic budget for other expenses
Determine your debt load
To determine what you can afford, use these two simple calculations:
Gross Debt Service ratio (GDS)
The GDS looks at your proposed new housing costs (mortgage payments,
taxes, heating costs, and 50% of condominium fees, if applicable).
Generally speaking, this amount should be no more than 32% of
your gross monthly income. For example, if your gross monthly
income is $4,000, you should not be spending more than $1,280
in monthly housing expenses.
Total Debt Service ratio (TDS)
The TDS ratio measures your total debt obligations (including
housing costs, loans, car payments, and credit card bills).
Generally speaking, your TDS ratio should be no more than 40%
of your gross monthly income.
Keep in mind that these numbers are prescribed maximums and
that you should strive for lower ratios for a more affordable
Before falling in love with a potential new home, you may want
to obtain a pre-approved mortgage. This will help you stay within
your price range and spend your time looking at homes you can
reasonably afford. The pre-approval meeting is the time to find
out about different mortgage products that are available to
suit your particular needs. First-time buyers may want to ask
about special programs such as the CMHC 5% down payment option
and the federal government's "RSP Home Buyers' Plan".
A pre-approval meeting can also be treated as a fact-finding
mission to go over closing costs. For example: land transfer
tax, legal fees and other disbursements. A good rule of thumb
is to budget about 2% of the purchase price for closing costs.
People who buy new homes from builders pay 7% GST, which is
often included in the purchase price.
Once the mortgage is pre-approved, we commit to the interest
rate for 90 days.¹ You can shop with confidence, knowing
how much you can spend for the home of your choice. And there's
no obligation. If you don't find a home you like in the first
90 days, you can renew your pre-approval at the interest rate
in effect at that time.
Figure out a purchase price you can handle
How much house is affordable?
Ideally, new home buyers should create a budget and calculate
their debt service ratios. However, here is a rule of thumb
that some choose to follow:
It works like this: Start with the household's gross annual
income (salaries, wages, and taxable income before taxes). Multiply
by 2.5. Example: people with an annual household income of $60,000
can reasonably afford a $150,000 home.
Home Price Guide
Leave yourself money for other expenses
On a family income of:
Can afford a house of:
And the 5% down payment would be:
Home buyers be prepared: Some people are surprised when they
discover that the purchase price and mortgage payments are not
the only costs associated with owning a home.
A financial buffer should be kept in case of cash emergencies,
home repairs or other unexpected events. Monthly take-home pay
should also comfortably cover living expenses such as food,
clothing, insurance, gas, car repairs, entertainment, vacations
and other debts.
Everything seems to cost more than expected, from paint, wallpaper
and curtains to general upkeep and property taxes. Ask a real
estate agent (or your Mortgage Specialist) to help you estimate
some of these additional costs for houses in your preferred
· Choosing the Right Mortgage
· Building Your Team
Finding the right home
Owning a home is more than just a financial commitment. When
it's your home, you're responsible for all of the upkeep and
maintenance, so it's wise to choose one that matches your lifestyle.
Houses versus condominiums
||You have more freedom to renovate or upgrade your home as you wish
You only pay for the amenities and utilities that you use, instead of a lump-sum condominium fee that may include services or features you do not want or need
One monthly fee usually covers all of your maintenance costs, and you're free from yard work and other outdoor chores
Steady, predictable expenses make it easier for you to budget for your costs
||Houses require a lot of work, and you are solely responsible for all of the upkeep, repairs and maintenance
Expenses may vary by month, making it more difficult to budget for your costs
As a condominium owner, you are subject to the rules of your condominium. Plus, you have little control over the amount of your monthly condo fees, which are in addition to your mortgage payments
Condo fees are subject to change and you may have no choice but to accept increases as they occur
New home from a builder versus resale home
You may have more flexibility when it comes to upgrading the features in your new home, such as finishing materials, flooring, plumbing and electrical fixtures
In most provinces, a builder warranty is usually available and covers major household systems like plumbing and heating
New homes are built to meet modern comfort and safety codes, using the latest building materials and technologies - the result is often greater cost- and energy-efficiency
You are most likely moving into an established neighbourhood, so you can see which amenities and services are already available
Your property may already have landscaping, fencing and mature trees
It may already have some upgraded features, such as a finished basement
Homes in a newly developed area may not be completed on schedule and may not have immediate access to amenities such as schools or shopping centres - these are generally built after the residential population is complete
Noise and dust from ongoing construction may affect the comfort of your new home until the development is complete
Brand new homes seldom come with landscaping or fencing, which can both be substantial expenses for any homeowner
An older home could mean higher maintenance costs in the short term, especially on major systems such as heating, electrical and plumbing
Resale homes come as they are, and you may have the added expense of changing wall colours, flooring or other interior design elements that don't suit your taste
Your home is the place where you're going to live for a long
time, so make sure that the neighbourhood you choose provides
the right combination of services and amenities to meet your
long-term needs. Here are some of the lifestyle and financial
considerations you'll want to think about -
· Proximity to schools and public transportation
· Real estate taxes
· Recreational facilities
· Distance of commute to and from work
· Traffic flow and availability of parking
· Planning and zoning laws that may limit your long-term
plans (for example, building an addition)
Choosing the right mortgage
Making the Mortgage Decision (Renting versus Buying)
Frequently Asked Questions